Biden Vows To End Trump Tax Cuts That Helped Millions of Working-Class Americans

H/T Western Journal.

Millions of working-class Americans would be out of work if Slow Joe The Gaff Machine Biden gets elected.

Make America Pay Again.

It’s not an official slogan for former Vice President Joe Biden’s campaign, but it would be a fitting one after the Democrats’ presumptive presidential nominee vowed to raise taxes Monday.

Democrats love to talk about raising taxes, and why not?

It’s free money for them to use on social experiments and to give away by the cargo plane-load to the country’s adversaries.

But Biden took a serious tone about taxes on Monday when he told his donors during a virtual call that he would do away with the Trump tax cuts, CNBC reported.

“I’m going to get rid of the bulk of Trump’s $2 trillion tax cut,” he said, “and a lot of you may not like that but I’m going to close loopholes like capital gains and stepped-up basis.”

Trump cut the corporate tax rate to 21 percent down from 35 percent in 2017 to spark an economy that broke the ceiling after being stifled by eight years of Obama and Biden’s feckless leadership on the economy.

Biden told the donors that, if elected, he will raise that rate to 28 percent in order to raise $1.3 trillion over the next ten years.

Nobody was described as a “lying dog face” during the conversation, which is good, but Biden did add, “We have to think as big as the challenge we face. But this is America, there is nothing we cannot do if we do it together.”

“But I think the country is ready,” he said.

American families are already struggling enough after the Chinese Communist Party played coy about a coronavirus that has left the American economy a shell of its former self.

To be fair, the virus itself hasn’t left millions of Americans unemployed. It’s just left many of them dead.

It is Biden’s fellow Democrats sitting in governors’ mansions who have kept their economies muzzled with an iron fist.

One can only speculate as to why.

Our once-robust economy, though, could be credited in large part to the Trump tax cuts.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 has been lining Americans’ pockets for two and a half years.

The Heritage Foundation praised the Trump tax cuts in December, on their second anniversary, for simplifying tax codes, giving both businesses and individuals a break and for making American companies globally competitive again.

“Using IRS data, The Heritage Foundation found that average households in every congressional district were projected to benefit from a tax cut in 2018. Most Americans received their tax cut through lower employer withholding and thus bigger paychecks,” the conservative think tank noted.

“The average American was projected to get a $1,400 tax cut in 2018 and $2,900 for a family of four.”

The Trump tax cuts additionally led to higher wages in the country and increased confidence for investors.

The economy, amid a chaotic social environment, asinine rhetoric from Democrats and shutdowns of businesses is still trying to come back from where it was in March, when minority unemployment was at an all-time low and business was booming.

That speaks volumes about the legacy of the 2017 tax cuts and how job creators and investors still believe they can thrive when unrestrained by an overburdensome government.

If Biden is elected in November, you could be grappling with living in a country that has a revised history and social workers responding to homicide and robbery calls.

You’ll also likely be disarmed to a degree when mobs come after what little you have left after Beto O’Rourke comes after your guns.

But at least you’ll have less money for the thieves to steal.

That’s a silver lining.

Below The Radar: The MICRO Act

H/T AmmoLand.

You can use the link at the bottom of the article to contact your House and Senate member and ask them to vote no on HR 719.


New York – -( Any Second Amendment supporter has probably been aware of the famous 1976 quote by Nelson “Pete” Shields. They have probably used it at some point when trying to convince fellow Americans to oppose the unjust restrictions that anti-Second Amendment extremists seek to impose.

In fact, Shields, with that quote, has probably done a great deal to help Second Amendment supporters make their case against his agenda, so much so that anti-Second Amendment extremists are forced to find new ways to solve what Shields called “the second problem.” That was, of course, getting all handguns registered.

These days, while some anti-Second Amendment extremists like Sheila Jackson Lee and Bobby Rush openly call for registration (usually in conjunction with licensing), many know that the only thing a push for registration will do is to ignite a groundswell of Second Amendment supporters who will do everything possible to vote them out of office. As a result, they have been trying to find new ways to get registration – and even bans – enacted through the back door.

One of those efforts is via “microstamping,” and HR 719, the MICRO Act, introduced by Representative Anthony Brown (D-MD), is intended to impose this back-door registration/gun ban scheme at the federal level. It’s a really crafty scheme, when you think about it, and it makes Brown a far more dangerous adversary than Jackson Lee or Rush.

Microstamping is intended to place some distinctive marks on the casings ejected from a semiautomatic pistol. According to the text of HR 719, the make, model, and serial number of the gun is to be recorded on the casing. It would also become a federal crime to alter the microstamping. Two years after the bill was passed, no newly built or imported semiautomatic pistol could be sold without this technology.

Even if manufacturers figure out the technological hurdles, for microstamping to work, law enforcement have to know who the owner of the gun that left the casing is. That comes down to some sort of registration system – even if they do not call it that. Which very nicely solves the problem for when they decide to pass a Swalwell-esque bill at some later date.

Also, the penalties for this are civil and administrative as well. This is intended to put a manufacturer or FFL out of business. Especially if the technology isn’t able to be implemented (which gives you a de facto ban on new semi-auto pistols). There is also no guarantee that this technology will even reduce crime. But it will greatly reduce options for those who wish to exercise their Second Amendment rights, especially for personal protection.

The MICRO Act is a scam on the American people. Second Amendment supporters should contact their Senators and Representative and politely urge them to oppose HR 719.

Senate Passes Bill to Award Congressional Gold Medal to US Army Rangers

H/T War History OnLine.

Long overdue recognition for these Army Rangers.


Earlier this year, the US Senate unanimously passed a bill to award a Congressional Gold Medal to US Army Rangers who served in World War II.

The bill was not officially announced until after the anniversary of D-Day. The bill was sponsored by Senator Tammy Duckworth, D-Ill.

And Senator Joni Ernst, R-Iowa. Both of the sponsors are veterans. They announced the passing of the bill in a joint announcement.

The Rangers are famous in part for scaling the Pointe du Hoc cliffs during the invasion of Nazi-occupied France on D-Day.

A gold medal awarded in May 2015 in recognition of U.S. fighter aces.
A gold medal awarded in May 2015 in recognition of U.S. fighter aces.

Duckworth stated that the US Army Rangers fought in some of the most important battles during WWII. She said that she was grateful that the Senate passed the bill and that she looked forward to it becoming law.

Ernst said that many Rangers had approached her about getting the Congressional Gold Medal for the WWII Rangers since she has connections to the Ranger Regiment and the Ranger Rendezvous at Fort Benning in Georgia. She called it a “thrill” to see that the bill had passed unanimously.

United States Army Rangers
United States Army Rangers

The Rangers were formed in the mid-1700s to fight in the French and Indian War. Major Robert Rogers wrote nineteen standing orders for the Rangers which are still used today.

In WWII, the Rangers took part in battles in Northern Africa, including the critical Battle of El Guettar.

They took part in the D-Day landings where they gained fame for their work in clearing German gun emplacements which allowed Allied landing craft to reach the beachhead without encountering German fire.

Rangers also played a role in the Pacific theater where they liberated American POWs in the Philippines.

Representative Dan Crenshaw, R-Texas, has taken the lead on getting the bill passed in the House of Representatives.

There is another effort currently taking place to get the Congressional Gold Medal awarded to Merrill’s Marauders.

Army Rangers, D-Day, Pointe du Hoc
Army Rangers, D-Day, Pointe du Hoc

In 1943, President Franklin D Roosevelt and the other leaders of the Allies recognized that the US needed to engage in a long-range penetration effort in order to disrupt the supply and communication lines of the Japanese while the main forces worked to re-open the Burma Road.

Roosevelt issued a call for volunteers which received around 3,000 responses from US servicemen. Officially named the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), it was codenamed “Galahad” and became popularly known as “Merrill’s Marauders” after their leader Brigadier General Frank Merrill.

Army Rangers en route to liberate allied soldiers in the Cabanatuan POW camp.
Army Rangers en route to liberate allied soldiers in the Cabanatuan POW camp.

With no tanks or artillery to support them, the Marauders walked over 1,000 miles through dense jungle.

They engaged the enemy in five major battles and thirty minor engagements. They defeated the Japanese 18th Division who had conquered Singapore and Malaya and vastly outnumbered the Marauders. They disrupted supply and communication lines completely.

To top it all off, they captured the Myitkyina Airfield which was the only all-weather airfield in Northern Burma.

No other American force had marched as far, fought continuously for as long (four months) or showed as much stamina and endurance as the Marauders.

Every injured Marauder was safely evacuated, which required carrying the wounded to an evacuation point and then hacking out a landing strip from the jungle.

When the mission was over, every single member of the Marauders was placed in the hospital for tropical diseases, exhaustion, malnutrition, or an “A.O.E. (accumulation of everything).”

The Congressional Gold Medal is Congress’ “highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions by individuals or institutions.”

Below The Radar: HR 687 Handgun Licensing and Registration Act

H/T AmmoLand.

There is a link at the end of this article to contact the House and Senate.


United States – -( You may think this is legislation we’ve covered before. But you’d be wrong. There are a number of licensing schemes percolating in Congress, ranging from the Blair Holt Firearm Owner Licensing and Record of Sale Act to the Handgun Purchaser Licensing Act to the Sabika Sheikh Firearm Licensing and Registration Act.

HR 687, the Handgun Licensing and Registration Act, has been proposed by Representative Bonnie Watson Coleman (D-NJ), joins the collection of licensing schemes. This bill is not as intrusive as the Sabika Sheikh act, and unlike the Blair Holt act, it only targets handguns. Still, this bill is a very bad piece of news when it comes to our Second Amendment rights.

What this bill does is to impose a federal licensing scheme on any state that doesn’t already have one. Now, this licensing scheme treats anyone who wishes to exercise their Second Amendment rights like a common criminal, requiring a photograph and fingerprints. It’s an effort to stigmatize wanting to own a handgun, even though the Heller decision made it clear that owning a handgun is protected under the Second Amendment.

Coleman has not released any statement on this bill on her official website. That being said, Coleman’s track record has been that of a reliable vote against our rights. But what is particularly concerning about this bill it the lack of details.

Say what you will about the monstrosities proposed by Sheila Jackson Lee or Elizabeth Warren, but they at least told us what to expect. Coleman’s bill, though, is vague on exact details. The text puts in some qualifications but doesn’t discuss things like how much the fee would be. In addition, the federal scheme is only applicable in states that don’t pass their own licensing scheme. Of course, state licensing schemes can be even more stringent than the requirements in Coleman’s bill.

The fact of the matter is that this licensing scheme isn’t about safety. It’s about deterring Americans from exercising their Second Amendment rights. Representative Coleman could, if she wanted to address the misuse of firearms, be pushing something akin to Project Exile or she would sign on to the Prosecuting Gun Crimes Saves Lives Act.

The fact is, the Handgun Licensing and Registration Act needs to be defeated. Second Amendment supporters should contact their Senators and Representative and politely urge the defeat of HR 687.

North Carolina’s Gov. (D) Cooper Vetoes Bipartisan Right To Carry in Church Bill

H/T AmmoLand.

Hopefully, there is a chance this veto can be overridden.

Fairfax, VA – -( Breaking news, NRA-ILA’s North Carolina State Director​​, D.J. Spiker, released the following statement today regarding Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper’s veto of HB 652 the Bipartisan Right To Carry in Church Bill.

North Carolina's Gov. Democrat, Roy Cooper
North Carolina’s Gov. Democrat, Roy Cooper

“It’s disappointing that Gov. Cooper vetoed the bill without even reading it. Had he had read it, he would know the legislation only applies to churches that operate schools and simply allows parishioners to carry when the schools are not in session, and only if​ the church wishes to opt-in.”

“But such a revelation is not surprising as his term in the Executive Mansion has been littered with relentless attacks upon the Second Amendment. By vetoing HB 652, a bill that passed with bipartisan support, Cooper continues to demonstrate that his administration cares little about personal property rights while focusing on the belief that the people should only do as the government demands.”


Wake-up America, Democrat/Communists’ Efforts to Defund Police Departments Means War

H/T AmmoLand.

This is a battle for the very heart and soul of America.

This is a fight we can not afford to lose if we want to stay free.


Ft Collins, CO –-( The “Future” of Policing in the USA, as currently being pushed by Bidenistas and other Democrat/Communists:

The “Minneapolis PD” is officially morphing into the “Minneapolis Department of Community Safety & Violence Prevention.” Call it “DCSVP,” for short! This evolutionary scenario will play-out in nearly every metro area with a communist, aka Democrat Party, Mayor (which includes nearly all of them).

Some “features” of this new department: Size of the Department drastically reduced from current level. Far fewer patrol officers. Detectives are essentially done away with. Tactical (SWAT) units eliminated.

This catastrophic reduction in police personnel is also already being implemented in Chicago, NYC, Los Angeles, Seattle, et al. Here is what we can expect to see:

1. “Firearms personnel” to represent less than two-percent of sworn officers (no longer called “police”). Patrol officers will now go about their duties unarmed (UK model)!?

2. No personally-owned firearms nor ammunition used, owned, nor carried! “Special” officers will check-out handguns and ammunition from stations’ armories before shifts, and check them back in at the end of their watch. Even “firearms officers” will not be permitted to bear arms at any time other than when they are on watch. Routine concealed carry by officers is absolutely eliminated (UK/Canadian model).

Voices currently failing to condemn violent rioters and looters are the same voices planning to take your legally-owned guns in 2021. How are you going to vote?

3. Long-guns eliminated (carbines, rifles, shotguns, counter-sniper rifles). Pistols only, and even then, only born by “special” officers.

4. Tear-gas, Tasers, bean-bag guns, OC, Bruiser, nearly all less-lethal police equipment eliminated.

5. “Chief” of the DCSVP, in order to be even considered for the job, must have “non-law-enforcement experience in community safety services [read community-organizing] only, including public health and ‘restorative-justice’”

6. Current LEOs on-duty in Minneapolis, Chicago, Los Angles, Seattle, NYC are leaving the department, and the State, in droves. Owing to punitive budget cuts, there will be no new Academy Classes in any of these cities any time soon. Who would apply anyway?

Democrat/Communists are deliberately purging departments of the “old guard.” Experienced (read that: “competent”) police officers must go.

Results we’re seeing already.

Violent crime drastically increasing (hang on to your hat this holiday weekend as we try and celebrate America’s birthday!). Petty crime drastically increasing. Mob violence drastically increasing, and it will all grow exponentially worse as we approach election day 2020.

They’ll be no let-up.

Democrat/Communists will demand that licensed concealed-carry be rescinded, in all states. Private ownership of guns will be prohibited, by law, shortly thereafter. “Police” won’t protect you, and they don’t want you protecting yourself.

In addition, Democrat/Communist politicians, along with their liberal snowflake supporters, actually believe that this “first round” of concessions will somehow “satisfy” the leftist Mob are even dumber than their wimpy Republican colleagues (if such a thing can be imagined).

7. Most sinister of all, a separate agency, the “Political Police,” who are constantly heavily armed (rifles, shotguns, machine guns) will be quietly created. Members will be recruited from ANTIFA/BLM.

BHO tried to similarly create his own “NKVD” in 2014, but was thwarted by Congressional Republicans (back when some Republicans, at least, had spines).

This will be the “new NKVD,” will be magically exempt from restrictive firearm bans and controls, as well as owned and operated by Democrat/Communists.

Their mission is two fold:

  • A. Provide continuous armed security for Democrat/Communist mayors, governors, and city council members. Citizens don’t get armed protection, but “party members” do!

When the NKVD shoots people, it will be kept from the news and never investigated.

Just like old times!

  • B. Surveillance of the “non-revolutionaries.” Americans who pay their taxes, obey the law, work for a living, don’t riot, enjoy their personal and economic freedom (all soon to be eliminated). They are the hated members of the “Bourgeois” (French for “Townsman”).

It’s gulags for us, and the NKVD will escort us there.

The trip will be, as always, one-way!

“Once the dream of ‘paradise’ starts to turn into reality, here and there people begin to crop-up who stand in its way. and so rulers of paradise must build a little ‘gulag,’ this side of Eden!” ~ Milan Kundera


Black Student Union Demands Lincoln Statue Come Down

H/T Todd Starnes.

We have got to stop these punks from trying to erase and rewriting history.

The Black Student Union at the University of Wisconsin is calling for the removal of a statue honoring President Abraham Lincoln – the man who freed the slaves and reunited a fractured nation.

“For him to be at the top of Bascom (Hill) as a powerful placement on our campus, it’s a single-handed symbol of white supremacy,” Black Student Union president Nalah McWhorter said in an interview with the Wisconsin State Journal.

The statue, which was erected in 1906, is a beloved icon on the Madison campus. Students traditional rub Lincoln’s left shoe for good luck.

The Wisconsin State Journal reports that Lincoln is considered a patron of the university because he signed the Morrill Land Grant College Act in 1862.

“The Morrill Act provided federal aid to land-grant colleges, and allowed UW-Madison to buy 933 acres for less than $2 per acre,” the newspaper reports.

The Black Student Union says the statue also needs to be removed because some of the donors were allegedly racist.

They also alleged in an Instagram post that while Lincoln freed the slaves, he was not “pro-black.”

Folks, it’s never going to end – they are going to completely eradicate American history — good and bad.

The Founders on What The Second Amendment Really Means

H/T The Truth About Guns.

This is what the Founders meant when they spoke of the Right To Keep And Bear Arms.


“They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.”
– Benjamin Franklin, Historical Review of Pennsylvania, 1759

“The supposed quietude of a good man allures the ruffian; while on the other hand, arms, like law, discourage and keep the invader and the plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property. The balance of power is the scale of peace. The same balance would be preserved were all the world destitute of arms, for all would be alike; but since some will not, others dare not lay them aside. And while a single nation refuses to lay them down, it is proper that all should keep them up. Horrid mischief would ensue were one-half the world deprived of the use of them; for while avarice and ambition have a place in the heart of man, the weak will become a prey to the strong. The history of every age and nation establishes these truths, and facts need but little arguments when they prove themselves.”
– Thomas Paine, “Thoughts on Defensive War” in Pennsylvania Magazine, July 1775

“The laws that forbid the carrying of arms are laws of such a nature. They disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes…. Such laws make things worse for the assaulted and better for the assailants; they serve rather to encourage than to prevent homicides, for an unarmed man may be attacked with greater confidence than an armed man.”
– Thomas Jefferson, Commonplace Book (quoting 18th century criminologist Cesare Beccaria), 1774-1776

“No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms.”
– Thomas Jefferson, Virginia Constitution, Draft 1, 1776

“Guard with jealous attention the public liberty. Suspect everyone who approaches that jewel. Unfortunately, nothing will preserve it but downright force. Whenever you give up that force, you are ruined . . . The great object is that every man be armed. Everyone who is able might have a gun.”
– Patrick Henry, speech to the Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 5, 1778

“I enclose you a list of the killed, wounded, and captives of the enemy from the commencement of hostilities at Lexington in April, 1775, until November, 1777, since which there has been no event of any consequence . . . I think that upon the whole it has been about one half the number lost by them, in some instances more, but in others less. This difference is ascribed to our superiority in taking aim when we fire; every soldier in our army having been intimate with his gun from his infancy.”
– Thomas Jefferson, letter to Giovanni Fabbroni, June 8, 1778

“Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.”
– William Pitt (the Younger), speech in the House of Commons, November 18, 1783

“A strong body makes the mind strong. As to the species of exercise, I advise the gun. While this gives moderate exercise to the body, it gives boldness, enterprise and independence to the mind. Games played with the ball, and others of that nature, are too violent for the body and stamp no character on the mind. Let your gun therefore be your constant companion of your walks.”
– Thomas Jefferson, letter to Peter Carr, August 19, 1785

“Before a standing army can rule, the people must be disarmed, as they are in almost every country in Europe. The supreme power in America cannot enforce unjust laws by the sword; because the whole body of the people are armed, and constitute a force superior to any band of regular troops.”
– Noah Webster, An Examination of the Leading Principles of the Federal Constitution, October 10, 1787

“What country can preserve its liberties if their rulers are not warned from time to time that their people preserve the spirit of resistance? Let them take arms.”
– Thomas Jefferson, letter to James Madison, December 20, 1787

“For it is a truth, which the experience of ages has attested, that the people are always most in danger when the means of injuring their rights are in the possession of those of whom they entertain the least suspicion.”
– Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 25, December 21, 1787

“[I]f circumstances should at any time oblige the government to form an army of any magnitude that army can never be formidable to the liberties of the people while there is a large body of citizens, little, if at all, inferior to them in discipline and the use of arms, who stand ready to defend their own rights and those of their fellow-citizens. This appears to me the only substitute that can be devised for a standing army, and the best possible security against it, if it should exist.”
– Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 28, January 10, 1788

“The Constitution shall never be construed to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms.”
– Samuel Adams, Massachusetts Ratifying Convention, January 9–February 5, 1788

“If the representatives of the people betray their constituents, there is then no resource left but in the exertion of that original right of self-defense which is paramount to all positive forms of government, and which against the usurpations of the national rulers, may be exerted with infinitely better prospect of success than against those of the rulers of an individual state. In a single state, if the persons intrusted with supreme power become usurpers, the different parcels, subdivisions, or districts of which it consists, having no distinct government in each, can take no regular measures for defense. The citizens must rush tumultuously to arms, without concert, without system, without resource; except in their courage and despair.”
– Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 28, January 10, 1788

“A militia when properly formed are in fact the people themselves . . . and include, according to the past and general usage of the states, all men capable of bearing arms. . . To preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms, and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them.”
– Richard Henry Lee, Federal Farmer No. 18, January 25, 1788

“Besides the advantage of being armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation, the existence of subordinate governments, to which the people are attached, and by which the militia officers are appointed, forms a barrier against the enterprises of ambition, more insurmountable than any which a simple government of any form can admit of.”
– James Madison, Federalist No. 46, January 29, 1788

“[T]he ultimate authority, wherever the derivative may be found, resides in the people alone . . .”
– James Madison, Federalist No. 46, January 29, 1788

“I ask who are the militia? They consist now of the whole people, except a few public officers.”
– George Mason, address to the Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 4, 1788

“To disarm the people . . . [i]s the most effectual way to enslave them.”
– George Mason, referencing advice given to the British Parliament by Pennsylvania governor Sir William Keith, The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, June 14, 1788

“The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. A well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the best and most natural defense of a free country.”
– James Madison, I Annals of Congress 434, June 8, 1789

“What, Sir, is the use of a militia? It is to prevent the establishment of a standing army, the bane of liberty . . . Whenever Governments mean to invade the rights and liberties of the people, they always attempt to destroy the militia, in order to raise an army upon their ruins.”
– Rep. Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts, I Annals of Congress 750, August 17, 1789

“As civil rulers, not having their duty to the people before them, may attempt to tyrannize, and as the military forces which must be occasionally raised to defend our country, might pervert their power to the injury of their fellow citizens, the people are confirmed by the article in their right to keep and bear their private arms.”
– Tench Coxe, Philadelphia Federal Gazette, June 18, 1789

“A free people ought not only to be armed, but disciplined…”
– George Washington, First Annual Address, to both House of Congress, January 8, 1790

“This may be considered as the true palladium of liberty…. The right of self-defense is the first law of nature: in most governments it has been the study of rulers to confine this right within the narrowest limits possible. Wherever standing armies are kept up, and the right of the people to keep and bear arms is, under any color or pretext whatsoever, prohibited, liberty, if not already annihilated, is on the brink of destruction.”
– St. George Tucker, Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, 1803

“On every occasion [of Constitutional interpretation] let us carry ourselves back to the time when the Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying [to force] what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invented against it, [instead let us] conform to the probable one in which it was passed.”
– Thomas Jefferson, letter to William Johnson, 12 June 1823

“The Constitution of most of our states (and of the United States) assert that all power is inherent in the people; that they may exercise it by themselves; that it is their right and duty to be at all times armed.”
– Thomas Jefferson, letter to John Cartwright, 5 June 1824

“The right of the citizens to keep and bear arms has justly been considered, as the palladium of the liberties of a republic; since it offers a strong moral check against the usurpation and arbitrary power of rulers; and will generally, even if these are successful in the first instance, enable the people to resist and triumph over them.”
– Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, 1833


8 Other Things That Happened on July 4

H/T Mental Floss.

A little Fourth Of July trivia.

Of course we know that July 4 is Independence Day in the U.S. But lots of other things have happened on that date as well. Here are just a few of them.


On July 4, 1826, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson—America’s second and third presidents, respectively—both passed away. The two politicians had a love-hate relationship, and Adams’s last words were supposedly, “Thomas Jefferson survives.” (He didn’t know that Jefferson had passed away a few hours earlier.) Exactly five years later, on July 4, 1831, James Monroe, the fifth U.S. president, died in New York City.


On July 4, 1845, Henry David Thoreau began his two-year living experiment at Walden Pond, near Concord, Massachusetts.


On July 4, 1862, little Alice Liddell listened to a story told by Lewis Carroll during a boat trip on the Thames—it would later become, of course, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. It was published exactly three years later, on July 4, 1865.


On July 4, 1918, twin sisters Esther Pauline and Pauline Esther Friedman were born. Today they’re better known as Ann Landers and Dear Abby.


On July 4, 1930, future Yankees owner George Steinbrenner was born (and presumably fired the doctor immediately).


On July 4, 1939, Lou Gehrig gave his famous retirement speech at Yankee Stadium after being diagnosed with ALS. He tells the crowd that he considers himself “the luckiest man on the face of the earth.”


On July 4, 1971, Koko, the sign-language gorilla, was born.


On July 4, 1995, Bob Ross died, and all over the world, Happy Little Trees were a little less happy.

When is the real Independence Day: July 2 or July 4?

H/T Constitution Daily.

Something to ponder.

There’s no doubt the Founding Fathers signed the Declaration of Independence in July 1776. But which date has the legitimate claim on Independence Day: July 2 or July 4?


If John Adams were alive today, he would tell you July 2. Other Founders would say July 4, the day that is currently recognized as a federal holiday by our national government. And still, other Founders would say, “what Independence Day?” since the holiday wasn’t widely celebrated until many of the Founders had passed away.

Here is the evidence, so you can decide which Independence Day is the real Independence Day!

Officially, the Continental Congress declared its freedom from Great Britain on July 2, 1776, when it voted to approve a resolution submitted by delegate Richard Henry Lee of Virginia, declaring “That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”

John Adams thought July 2 would be marked as a national holiday for generations to come:

“[Independence Day] will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated, by succeeding Generations, as the great anniversary Festival… It ought to be solemnized with Pomp and Parade with shews, Games, Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires and Illuminations from one End of this continent to the other from this Time forward forever more,” Adams wrote.

After voting on independence on July 2, the Continental Congress then needed to draft a document explaining the move to the public. It had been proposed in draft form by the Committee of Five (John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson) and it took two days for the Congress to agree on the edits.

Once the Congress approved the actual Declaration of Independence document on July 4, it ordered that it be sent to a printer named John Dunlap. About 200 copies of the “Dunlap Broadside” version of the document were printed, with John Hancock’s name printed at the bottom. Today, 26 copies remain.

That is why the Declaration has the words, “IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776,” at its top, because that is the day the approved version was signed in Philadelphia.

On July 8, 1776, Colonel John Nixon of Philadelphia read a printed Declaration of Independence to the public for the first time on what is now called Independence Square.

(Most of the members of the Continental Congress signed a version of the Declaration on August 2, 1776, in Philadelphia. The names of the signers were released publicly in early 1777.)

The late historian Pauline Maier said in her 1997 book, American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence, that no member of Congress recalled in early July 1777 that it had been almost a year since they declared their freedom from the British. They finally remembered the event on July 3, 1777, and July 4 became the day that seemed to make sense for celebrating independence.

Maier also said that arguments over the how to celebrate the Declaration arose between the Federalists (of John Adams) and the Republicans (of Thomas Jefferson) and that the Declaration and its anniversary day weren’t widely celebrated until the Federalists faded away from the political scene after 1812.

In an 1826 letter – the last he ever wrote — Thomas Jefferson spoke of the importance of Independence Day. “For ourselves, let the annual return of this day forever refresh our recollections of these rights, and an undiminished devotion to them,” he said.

Jefferson and Adams both passed away two days later, on the Fourth of July.