Trump Warns He Could Declare ‘National Emergency’ To Build The Border Wall

H/T Godfather Politics.

President Trump will do whatever it takes to protect the American public and America from the thugs and the mob on our southern border.

President Donald J. Trump warns he may declare ‘national emergency’ to build the border wall we need so badly.

He’s firing the warning shot Congress, get it together before he goes over your heads. It is a matter of our national security. Drugs, crime and human trafficking just to name a few.

Trump is not going to back down.

John Z.@zosodragon1969

warns shutdown could last ‘years,’ says he may declare ‘national emergency’ to build border wall https://fxn.ws/2F4Kxff  “We can call a national emergency [to build a border wall] because of the security of our country,” Yes! Do it!

Congressional leaders meet at White House as shutdown stances harden

Congressional leaders met at the White House on Friday for the second time this week as the partial government shutdown drags on with no end in sight — with Democrats refusing to fund a wall on the…

foxnews.com

https://video.foxnews.com/v/video-embed.html?video_id=5986069238001&loc=godfatherpolitics.com&ref=https%3A%2F%2Fgodfatherpolitics.com%2Ftrump-warns-he-could-declare-national-emergency-to-build-the-border-wall%2F&_xcf=

Fox News:

President Trump stood firm Friday on his demands for a border wall after the second White House meeting with congressional leaders this week broke up with no apparent deal, warning Democrats the partial government shutdown could last “years” and saying he could even declare a “national emergency” to bypass Congress if necessary.

“We can call a national emergency [to build a border wall] because of the security of our country,” Trump told reporters in the Rose Garden, during a lengthy and impromptu press conference.

“I may do it,” he said, before adding, “If we can do it through a negotiated process, we’re giving it a shot.”

The press conference underscored how far apart both sides are, even as Trump called the meeting “productive” and suggested the standoff could end soon — or not. He indicated he was not shifting on his demand for more than $5 billion for funding for a wall on the southern border, saying it was necessary as the border is a “dangerous, horrible disaster.”

Despite Trump saying conversations had “come a long way,” Democrats were more dour in their assessment. Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer exited saying Trump told them “he’d keep the government closed for a very long period of time, months or even years.”

Trump later confirmed in the Rose Garden, “Absolutely I said that,” while clarifying he hopes the partial shutdown doesn’t last more than a few more days. He said it could be opened “very quickly” if they come to an agreement on the wall. He offered some flexibility only on what the wall would be made of, saying it could be concrete or steel.

“Steel is more expensive than the concrete, but I feel like we’re talking about steel because the other side feels better about it,” he said. More

Do it, President Trump. Our safety is at risk. Let’s stop negotiating with these spiteful children, quit talking about it and just build the wall already.

The American people have spoken! It’s funny how Democrats agreed until Trump became our president. They’re only disagreeing out of spite. It makes me mad how the Democrats don’t take it seriously, but instead abuse and mock the country, the constitution, and the American people.

5 unique Soviet Heroes of WW2

H/T War History OnLine.

I wanted to highlight some heroes from our Allies during World War II.

In the Soviet history of the Great Patriotic War (Eastern Front of the Second World War), there were outstanding people whose heroism caused great fear among the Nazis.

Here are five heroes who contributed to the overall victory and whose exploits almost went beyond human capabilities.

1. Ivan Sereda: a soldier attacking a tank with an ax

Red Army soldier Ivan Sereda was called to the front in June 1941 at the age of 22. Before the war, he had graduated from the food technical school, so he was sent to the front as a cook in the field kitchen.

Sereda repeatedly asked to be sent onto the battlefield, but his request was refused due to the lack of good cooks.

In August 1941, his regiment was located near the city of Dvinsk (now Daugavpils, Latvia). Most of the soldiers were on the front line, except Sereda who had remained in the field kitchen and was preparing dinner.

Red Army soldiers.

He saw two German tanks, one of which was moving in his direction. Sereda quickly took the horses to the forest and took refuge behind the kitchen. The only weapon he had was an old rifle and an ax.

The German tank drove up to the kitchen and stopped. German soldiers began to get out of it.

Ivan ran out of his shelter, swinging his ax, and headed straight for the tank. The Germans immediately began firing a machine gun, but Sereda was already on the tower of the tank, bending the barrel of the gun with an ax.

He closed the tank’s viewing slots with a cloth and ordered his comrades, who were not actually around, to hit the tank with grenades. The frightened Germans surrendered, and Sereda forced them to tie each other up.

1941, a Pz.Kpfw.38(t)

When the Soviet soldiers returned, they were surprised to find a tank and four German tankers waiting for them, while their cook continued about his work.

Ivan Sereda was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.

The Order of Lenin.

2. Lyudmila Pavlichenko: Lady Death

Lyudmila Pavlichenko is considered the most successful female sniper in history who killed 309 enemy soldiers and officers.

American journalists nicknamed her “Lady Death,” but in the Soviet Union, she was considered a hero, not a murderer.

From the first days of the war, Lyudmila Pavlyuchenko volunteered for the front, even though she was in her fourth year of university studies.

At university, she had taken sniper-training courses. During the first months of the war, Pavlichenko killed 179 Romanian and German soldiers and officers.

Female sniper Lyudmila Pavlochenko with her rifle in a trench.

By June 1942, she had 309 confirmed enemy assassinations, including 36 snipers. She also trained many snipers.

In June 1942, Pavlyuchenko was seriously injured and was evacuated to the Caucasus. After recovering, she was sent to Canada and the USA together with a delegation of Soviet youth for propaganda purposes.

While in America, Pavlichenko visited President Roosevelt, after which, thanks to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, she set off on a short trip around the country.

Lyudmila Pavlichenko, before she was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in 1943.

In her famous Chicago speech, she said, “I’m only 25 years old and I have killed 309 fascist oppressors by now. Don’t you think, gentlemen, that you’ve been hiding behind my back for too long?”

In Canada, Pavlichenko was presented with a Winchester rifle. In America, she received a Colt pistol. American singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie dedicated the song Miss Pavlichenko to her.

Washington, D.C. International youth assembly. Russian delegates. Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Soviet woman sniper, is on the right.

 

Pavlichenko (center) with Justice Robert Jackson (left) and first lady Eleanor Roosevelt in Washington DC.

Zinoviy Kolobanov: in 30 minutes he destroyed the tank column

Zinoviy Kolobanov took part in the Finnish war of 1939-1940. By the beginning of World War II, he was an experienced commander and tank man.

In 1941, Kolobanov took command of a tank unit during the German offensive at the city of Leningrad.

He was faced with the task of delaying the advance of German military equipment to a spot close to the village of Voskovitsy near the city of Krasnogvardeysk (now Gatchina). Kolobanov had five KV-1 heavy tanks at the disposal.

Two Soviet soldiers, one armed with a DP machine gun, in the trenches of the Leningrad Front on September 1, 1941. Photo: RIA Novosti archive, image #58228 / Vsevolod Tarasevich / CC-BY-SA 3.0

 

KV-1 Heavy Tanks near Leningrad, 1941. Photo: Peer.Gynt CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

 

Zinoviy Kolobanov (in the center) and his Tank Crew. 1941.Zinoviy G. Kolobanov (Зиновий Г. Колобанов) (died 1995) was a tank commander and veteran of the Great Patriotic War. He commanded a KV-1 tank and is frequently considered the second top scoring tanker ace of the Soviet Union.

To gain an advantage over the superior forces of the enemy, he placed two tanks in two different parts of the city.

In the meantime, he put another tank on a coastal road in a position which allowed it to cover two directions at once.

On either side of the road, there was a swampy meadow, making it difficult for the German armored vehicles to maneuver. Kolobanov managed to hide his tank well.

KV-1 model 1939

When the German light tanks appeared (presumably Pz.Kpfw.35 (t)), Kolobanov ordered his tank to open fire. The first shots hit the three leading tanks, which stopped, blocking the way for the other vehicles.

Then the Soviet tank opened fire on the last tank, thereby blocking the entire convoy into a narrow road surrounded by a swamp.

Such accurate hits were due to Andrey Usov, an experienced gunner, who went through two wars and served as an assistant platoon commander.

Some of the German tanks became stuck in the swamp, but they all put up serious resistance. However, the KV-1 tanks were impenetrable to German guns.

A KV-1 on fire, knocked out near Voronezh in 1942. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-216-0412-07 / Klintzsch / CC-BY-SA 3.0

After the battle, there were more than 100 marks from German shells on the hull of Kolobanov’s tank.

During this battle, the entire squad managed to destroy 48 enemy tanks, and Zinoviy Kolobanov was responsible for 22 of these.

However, this amazing feat was never appreciated, and many historians often argue about what actually happened.

Dmitry Ovcharenko: Soldier with an ax

Dmitry Ovcharenko from the Luhansk region did not have a passion for education but, due to good health, he was called up as a machine gunner to the front when the war began.

However, in the first days of the war, Ovcharenko was wounded and transferred to become a rider for supplying troops with ammunition and food.

On July 13, 1941, during the delivery of goods to his company, Ovcharenko was suddenly taken by surprise by a detachment of enemy soldiers and three officers, totaling 50 people.

The Germans took away his rifle, and one of the officers began to interrogate him. However, Ovcharenko unexpectedly grabbed an ax from his wagon and beheaded a German officer.

Hero of the Soviet Union Dmitry Ovcharenko.

Then he threw three grenades at the enemy, killing 21 people. Those remaining began to scatter in different directions. Ovcharenko caught up with the second officer and decapitated him.

As proof of what he had achieved, he collected all the documents of the murdered Germans and, together with his cargo, returned to the company.

Soon, Ovcharenko was awarded the medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union. He returned to his machine-gun unit and was killed in Hungary in early 1945.

Red Star medal for Hero of the Soviet Union. Photo: Fdutil CC BY-SA 4.0

5. Semen Nomokonov: Sniper shaman

Semen Nomokonov was a native Siberian and a representative of the Evenk people. He was a hunter and had lived in the taiga since childhood. He had phenomenal vision that helped him in the hunt, for which Semen got the nickname “Vulture eye.”

At the beginning of the war, he was over 40 years old. He served as an orderly since he did not know a lot of Russian and so did not understand all the orders.

In the fall of 1941, Nomokonov was carrying wounded soldiers from the battlefield when he noticed that a German soldier was aiming at him.

He did not lose his head but grabbed the nearest rifle and fired at the German almost without taking aim. This impressed the commanders, and they decided to enlist him in a sniper platoon.

 

Soviet sniper credited 367 kills, Semyon Nomokonov.

During the war, Nomokonov killed 360 German soldiers, including one major general. During the Soviet-Japanese War, he added to his death list another eight soldiers of the Kwantung Army. Nomokonov used a three-line Mosin rifle, which he initially used without an optical sight.

On his feet, Nomokonov had shoes made from horsehair, which meant his steps were practically noiseless. He also used mirrors, strings, and spare helmets to distract the enemy and determine the location of the quarry.

During the war, he was wounded eight times and received two contusions.

In order to keep track of those killed, Nomokonov made cuts on his pipe, which he often took with him.

Sergey Sergeev, who has a Ph.D. in history, said, “The Germans first tried to kill him. They sent two snipers, then in general three. When all the German snipers were found dead, a female sniper was sent to destroy the Siberian, and she was also found with a hole in her head a little later. ”

Nancy Pelosi and Fellow Travelers are dealt with by Star Trek

Jim Campbell's

By Jim Campbell

January 6th, 2019

Nancy Pelosi, A.K. A. Hyena Breath finally gets her ass kicked.

Oh, and this has been needed for so long!

Again we are talking about a loser who has so much Democrat opposition, she had to agree to term limit herself to get hold of the Speaker’s gavel.

The House of Representatives will be a far better place when she is gone.

Ya think?

If you find yourself near her and hear the sound of a snipers rifle, hit the dirt really hard.

THE END

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Caravan of Disease: 50 Migrants a Day Turn Up with TB, Flu, Parasites and all Kinds of Diseases

H/T Godfather Politics.

This is a fact the drive-by media will never share with us.

It leads one to ask what other kinds of disease is beu=ing brought in to America by this mob?

Now we see why two of the children brought in with this mob has died.

A recent report finds that 50 illegal aliens a day are turning up at the southern border with TB, flu, parasites and all kinds of other diseases.

With tens of thousands of illegals piling up at the border, there is a lot of scrutiny on the illegals trying to get in the country. But, liberals are pulling out all the stops to cover for illegals. One way they make excuses for them is to naysay the claims of conservatives that many of these illegals are bringing pestilence and disease into the country.

But recent reports find that conservatives are exactly right. These people are, indeed, racked with diseases and vermin as they try to illegally sneak into our country.

In fact, U.S. border authorities say they are referring 50 people a day for urgent medical care, including tuberculosis, flu and a long list of other diseases. A top government official said it’s unlike anything they’ve ever seen.

According to the Washington Times:

Most of those in need of care are children, and a staggering 28 percent are under age 5, having been dragged along for the trip by parents who in many cases are hoping to use the children as a shield against speedy deportation from the U.S.

CBP Commissioner Kevin McAleenan even said that many of the people his officers are coming across were sick before they even left their home countries.

“Many were ill before they departed their homes,” McAleenan said. “We’re talking about cases of pneumonia, tuberculosis, parasites. These are not things that developed urgently in a matter of days.”

As of last week, 17 of the people referred for medical care were still hospitalized, McAleenan said.

But while Democrats want to pretend these illegals are all clean as the driven snow, even back during the 2004 border surge security officials reported a surge in illneses.

During the 2014 surge of Unaccompanied Alien Children (UAC) authorities reported massive chickenpox and other communicable disease outbreaks.

The numbers of children crossing now exceed that previous surge, with 22,000 children nabbed at the border in December, out of about 60,000 total immigrants who were either caught sneaking in, or were encountered at border crossings.

Since Dec. 22 there have been 450 medical cases that needed treatment, including flu, parasites, blood infections, abscesses, tuberculosis and pneumonia, Mr. McAleenan said.

Liberals don’t want you to know any of this.

The Dakota Hunter: Airborne Aircraft Carriers: Wing Tip Coupling Giving A “Free Ride” To Fighters

H/T War History OnLine.

In this DAKOTA HUNTER BLOG, you will read about the concept of the Post-War Airborne Aircraft Carriers. During WWII, the flight range of the USAAF long-distance bombers made huge leaps forward with every new model that came out.

Rapid technological development in Aero Engine Power output allowed upscaling to unprecedented dimensions of the airframe, wings, and internal fuel tanks. All that extra fuel stretched the flight range to well over 10.000 miles!

While the mid-war (1943) launched B-29 Flying Fortress had a max flight range of almost 6000 miles, the post-war B-36 Peacemaker (operational from 1948-1958) could perform with a max flight range of 10.000 miles/ 16.000 kms.

In contrast to that development, the first generations of (post-war) Jet Fighters were reputed as “Gas-Guzzlers” and therefore had extremely short flight ranges. Even the mounting of wing-tip and/or belly tanks did hardly bring any relief that could help those fighters to escort the strategic Bombers during the Cold War on their long intercontinental flights (read to Soviet Union and back).

The photo above shows history’s first in-air coupling of two separately flying aircraft and subsequently, the switch-off of the smaller aircraft’s engine.

This novel concept was tested with the good old Douglas C-47 Skytrain.  As from Aug 1949, Major Clarence E. “Bud” Anderson did remarkable experiments with a system of wing tip coupling of 2 aircraft while in flight. The smaller single-seater airplane Culver Q-14 Cadet had a pointed lance mounted on its wingtip and flew that into a ring, mounted on the C-47 wing tip, as such making a coupled pair (see photos on top and below).

This photo above shows the Middle Ages Game-style Lance and Ring, both were used on the Q-14 Cadet and the C-47 wing tips, to ease the coupling in flight.

The basic idea behind the in-air coupling was to increase the aspect ratio of a wing with more wing surface from another plane, offsetting the additional drag of the smaller plane. I.e. the smaller plane could fly ‘for free’ with its engine shut-off, as a parasite, coupled with the larger plane.

The Dakota Hunter

If one would extend this inventive plan to a Long Distance Bomber, such plane could tow 2 fighters on both wingtips, flying as “freewheeling” escorts with their own engines shut off and only “awakening to action” when needed with an imminent enemy threat. The mothership hardly sacrificed on its max range and speed with the towing, while it had two fighters in direct close support, just in case hell might break loose with Migs showing up at the horizon.

The “bodyguard” Jets would simply start their engines, uncouple from the Master, execute the interception and beat the Iwans out of their airspace. After the pounding, they could return to hook on again for a drink or two, a free refill of their tanks (and oxygen) via the mothership.

The Dakota Hunter
The photo above: the idea of the flying Aircraft Carrier was born and developed into a steady program of testing and upscaling of aircraft.
While the C-47/ Q-14 experiments were successfully continued into 1949, the more serious tests came with Project Tip-Tow, involving the much larger EB-29 Superfortress that was coupled to two EF-84 D’s Thunderjets in April 1950. The coupling mechanism became more complex, an electronic autopilot was added and the coupling lance could transfer jet fuel and oxygen to the ‘slave’ Fighters, keeping their pilots in high alert and their fuel tanks fully topped-off at any time.
A very serious accident hampered the development when a left wingtip coupling was made between an EB-29A and an F-84D. Right after the autopilot was switched on, the nose pitched up and the F-84D Thunderjet rolled suddenly to the right over its fixed coupling or “hinge” with the mothership. In that flip, the F-84 turned upside down and hit the outer wing panel of the B-29. Explosive bolts for jettisoning the F-84 went off but too late to release the Fighter in time and prevent her from slamming into the Bomber’s outer wing.
The Superfortress’ left wing folded due to the impact and the combo crashed. Fighter pilot John Davis and 5 crew members in the B-29 were killed in this fatal accident.
Nevertheless, the experiments were to be continued as Project Tom-Tom in 1955/56, this time using the much larger Convair B-36 Peacemaker as the mothership, with the RF-84 F Thunderflashes as slaves.

But in the end, all wingtip-coupling tests came to no avail, as the larger long-distance Airborne Tankers based on the modern heavy Bomber designs arrived on the scene. It was this Tanker-converted Bomber aircraft that could provide in a simpler way the much-wanted flight-range extension to the thirsty escorting Jet Fighters, by means of a much less risky coupling and refueling system with a basket-shaped ‘nipple’ that flies behind the Tanker aircraft on a long tube or boom.

Nowadays,  in Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), there are two main refueling systems: The probe-and-drogue, which is simpler to adapt to existing aircraft, and the flying boom, which offers faster fuel transfer, but requires a boom operator’s supervision.

As from 1950, the KC-97 Stratofreighter was the first large-scale operated strategic aerial refueling Tanker, a variant of the Military Cargo transport C-97. In the passenger transport role also known as the mighty Boeing Stratocruiser B-377, that was developed straight from the B-29 Superfortress of WW II fame.
Below, you’ll see a 1947 advertisement of the Boeing Factory, comparing the legendary Boeing B-29 Superfortress with its post-war offspring, the Boeing B-377 Stratocruiser that came in the Miltary version as the C-97 Stratofreighter and the KC-97 Stratotanker. It was this long-distance Tanker aircraft KC-97  that would indirectly lead to the demise of the Flying Aircraft Carrier concept with the coupling system of two Jet fighters on every wing tip.
Photo & Info courtesy: Clarence “Bud” Andersen, Goleta Air & Space Museum
This concept of the airborne Fuel Gas Station is still operational and widely used by most Air Forces all over the World, in order to extend the flight range of their Jet fighters.
If you like this vintage aviation related Blog. may I invite you to come to see my Books & Blogs at dc3dakotahunter.com
My books “The Dakota Hunter” and “80 Years, a tribute to the PBY Catalina” are for sale at Amazon.
There are now more advanced Jet engines, with way better fuel economy than what they used to have in the 1950s, but that edge has been traded in for more speed with afterburners and way more payload with awesome weapons systems. With the (still) relatively short flight range of any interceptor Jet, the Airborne Tanker is by now an indispensable tool in modern air-superiority strategies.

Why Sears is Dying

H/T BarbWire.

Richard Warren Sears December 7,1863-September 28,1914,, and Alvah Curtis Roebuck January 9,1864-June 18,1948 are spinning in their graves.

Have you ever heard the expression ‘necessity is the mother of invention’?

You could say that this is how Sears came to be and why it is dying today.

Richard Warren Sears, born in 1863 needed to earn money for his family after his died in 1879. Shortly thereafter, he purchased a shipment of watches from a local jeweler and then sold them at a relatively low price, but still managed to make a good profit.

In 1887, he launched the RW Sears Watch Company with a mail order catalog. Just short years later, he sold his watch company for $100,000 (about $2.7 million today).

In 1892, he had relocated to Chicago where he started another mail order catalog, featuring among other things watches and jewelry. He joined forces with Alvah C. Roebuck and in 1893, the two renamed their mail order company to Sears, Roebuck & Company, and the rest is history so to say.

For many years, the Sears, Roebuck catalog was the most popular product catalog in all of America. In the early 1900s, many general stores in towns all over the nation, especially out west, looked forward to the annual catalog.

I recall as a young boy in the 1950s and early 1960s, of seeing how excited everyone was when the new Sears catalog arrived in the mail. Seeing all of the products was like opening up a whole new world. My mom, along with moms everywhere, eagerly looked through the catalog not just to buy, but to see all of the newest fashions, appliances and more. They saw the Sears catalog as one of the main sources of their home goods news.

Every major city in the United States had a Sears store, which was comforting to many women as American became more mobile with more people relocating to other parts of the country. When shopping centers became popular, many were anchored with a Sears store.

Then stores like Walmart appeared on the scene, giving Sears some serious competition. In order to cut costs and stay competitive, Sears was the first major retailer to turn from full time employees to mostly part time employees. By doing so, they no longer had to provide costly benefits to thousands of employees, saving the company millions of dollars.

Not only did Sears face the stiff competition with Walmart, Sam’s Club, Costco, Home Depot and others, but the world of internet sales opened up and Sears found themselves trying to compete with the likes of Amazon. This is part of the reason Sears is dying today, but perhaps one of the key reasons is they fell into a trap that has spelled doom to many other successful companies.

Mark Cohen, CEO of Sears Canada at one time, commented:

“Sears became increasingly inwardly focused, as many businesses that become very successful and very large do, to their peril.”

In 2004, billionaire Edward Lambert purchased Sears. Once in control, instead of trying to build the company and make it competitive, he turned around began selling off some of Sears’ brands and real estate. In the last 8 years under Lambert’s control, Sears has gone from 2,300 stores to about 500.

This summer, our refrigerator started to die and we shopped around and ended up buying a Kenmore at the Sears store in our local mall. The sales clerk that there was no chance of that store closing since Sears owned the building free and clear. Within a few months, the local Sears is now closed, leaving only one in the metro area about 45 minutes to an hour north of where we live.

Cohen commented about the current condition, saying:

“I believe in 2005, when Lampert took over, the company could’ve been resurrected. Amazon still was in a very nascent position. Sears still had a tremendous reputation, especially in brands like Kenmore, Craftsman and Diehard. And so, there was no reason to believe the company had to, quote unquote, fail.”

Basically, one man, Edward Lampert, has managed to kill a once very successful retail giant. Remember when I said at the beginning that Sears was the result of necessity being the mother of invention? Lambert didn’t see any necessity and he obviously lacked vision and drive. You can blame the death of Sears on things like online marketing and brick and mortar competitors like Walmart, Sam’s Club, Costco and Home Depot, but the bottom line is that Lambert killed the giant, but no one is hailing him as a hero for doing so.

THE NEW GUN LAWS OF 2019

H/T WDEF.com.

These laws are more infringement on our Second Amendment Rights.

A wave of gun control activism surged across the U.S. in 2018 — and yet it led to little action from the federal government. So as  2019 arrives, it’s state governments that are taking aim at the problem with new gun laws.

The new year has brought new restrictions and regulations in several states, with some going into effect on New Year’s Day and others scheduled to take force midway through 2019. Many of the laws enact versions of policies that were in the 100-plus gun control proposals that have failed in Congress over the past few years.

CALIFORNIA

The most sweeping new gun laws are in California, where a gunman in November killed 12 people and himself in a Thousand Oaks country-western bar. It was the second-deadliest mass shooting of 2018, behind the Parkland school shooting in Florida, which left 17 people dead and led to several changes in that state’s gun laws.

As of January 1, the Golden State has raised the minimum age to buy rifles and shotguns from 18 to 21 (with exceptions for members of law enforcement, the military, or those who have a hunting license). Anyone convicted of certain domestic violence charges after January 1 will face a lifetime ban on gun ownership, as would anyone committed to a mental institution twice in one year. Californians who want to carry a concealed weapon now must undergo at least eight hours of safety training. And starting July 1, ammunition dealers will have to check with the Justice Department before a sale to make sure the customer is not banned from gun purchases.

ILLINOIS

A new law called the Firearms Restraining Order Act creates a system to take guns away from people who are deemed dangerous to others or themselves. Relatives or police can request an emergency order of protection against someone who has shown threatening or suicidal behavior, which could include social media posts. The order could lead to that person’s guns being seized immediately for two weeks, or up to six months in more extreme cases.

The state also amended several of its gun laws. The waiting period for purchasing rifles has jumped from 24 hours to 72 hours. Schools, employers and places of worships are allowed to file orders of protection against individuals. Hospitals are required to report involuntary psychiatric admissions, which could lead to some gun owners losing their concealed carry licenses.

OREGON

The state has expanded its firearm ban for domestic abusers and stalkers to close a so-called “boyfriend loophole.” Under previous law, abusers were banned from buying and owning guns only if they were married to their victim. The new law bans all convicted stalkers, abusers and people under restraining orders from buying or owning guns, regardless of whether they are married or live with children.

WASHINGTON STATE

The age for buying semi-automatic rifles has been raised from 18 to 21, after voters passed an initiative in November. Starting in July, the state will also have new requirements for safe gun storage and new background checks from law enforcement for purchases. Gun owners could also face criminal charges if one of their weapons gets into the hands of children or someone banned from carrying a firearm, and is used for threats or violence.

FEDERAL BAN ON BUMP STOCKS

On the federal level, there is at least one major change coming in 2019: A ban on bump stocks, the devices that let semi-automatic rifles fire faster rounds. The gunman responsible for the 2017 rampage in Las Vegas, which is the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, used bump stocks to fire more than 1,100 rounds into a country music festival crowd in only 10 minutes.

Congress’ attempts to ban bump stocks after the massacre went nowhere. But the Trump administration announced in October 2018 that it was amending the legal definition of machine guns to encompass bump stocks, effectively making the devices illegal. The ban is expected to take effect in March.